• Stroke is the third largest cause of death behind heart disease and cancer.
• Stroke is the leading cause of serious, long-term disability in the United States.
• An estimated 795,000 people suffer from a new or recurrent stroke each year. About 610,000 of these are first attacks and 185,000 are recurrent attacks.
• Approximately 143,500 deaths were due to stroke in 2005 in the United States.
• Someone in the United States suffers a stroke roughly every 40 seconds; every 3-4 minutes an American dies from stroke.
• Among persons ages 45–64, 8 to 12 percent of ischemic strokes and 37 to 38 percent of hemorrhagic strokes result in death within 30 days, according to the ARIC study of the NHLBI. (Stroke. 1999;30:736–743.)
• The age-adjusted stroke death rates (per 100,000) in 2005 were 44.7 for white males, 44.0 for white females, 70.5 for black males and 60.7 for black females.
• One in six women will die of stroke while one in 33 women will die of breast cancer.
• Women accounted for 60.6% of US stroke deaths in 2005.
• The most common risk factors for stroke are high blood pressure and increasing age. Smokers have double the risk compared with nonsmokers.
• Stroke risk doubles every decade after age 55.
• Among adults 25 to 44 years of age, blacks and American Indians/Alaska Natives, had higher risk ratios than did whites for all three stroke subtypes.
• 25% of people who have a TIA (transient ischemic attack) will die within a year.
• The total 2009 expected cost of stroke to the United States economy is approximately $68.9 billion.
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American Heart Association. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics - 2009 Update. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association; 2009. ©2009 American Heart Association